2nd of 4 Great Observatories Deployed First ITA Shuttle Mission
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STS-37
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Atlantis April 5, 1991 - April 11, 1991 Mission Duration:  143 hrs 22 mins 45 secs (05d 23h) ITA Experiment: BIMDA-1 (Bioserve ITA Materials Dispersion Apparatus) Hardware Flown:   MDA (2nd Generation) 4 Flight Units First ITA orbital mission focused on hardware development.  First ITA student space experiments Primary Mission Objective:  Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (GRO) deployment.  The GRO was the second of the Great Observatories program which included the visible-spectrum Hubble Space Telescope, the Chandra X-ray Observatory and the infrared Spitzer Space Telescope.  The mission also featured two spacewalks, the first since 1985. The BIMDA-1 flew as a secondary payload in a shuttle middeck locker. ITA initiated two significant programs on STS-37; an internal R&D effort to mitigate cancer matastasis through crystallizing a particularly difficult protein called Urokinase, and a student space experiment program that uses the excitement of space to inspire children to want to learn.
STS-37 1991 Launch of Atlantis
STS-37 GRO
STS-37 GRO Compton Deploy
STS-37 Commanders shake cell syringe during BIMDA test
STS-37 Jerry Ross during spacewalk
STS-37 - Oil Fires in Kuwait
STS-37 Edwards Air Force Base Landing