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Final Flight of Endeavour May 16, 2011 – June 1, 2011 Mission Duration: 15 days, 17 hours, 38 minutes, 51 seconds ITA Experiment: CREST-1 Hardware Flown: MDA & LMAs. I Flight Unit, 4 LMA Trays First ITA flight since loss of STS-107. First use on an MDA since STS-69 Numerous commercial and industrial experiments including 4 student experiments as part of ITA’s Space Outreach program. First flight of the Student Space Experiment Program (SSEP) with NanoRacks and the National Center for Earth and Space Science Education (NCESSE). Final flight of Endeavour. Primary Mission Objective:  ISS assembly flight ULF6, ELC 4, ROEU, Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer. This flight delivered the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer (AMS) and an ExPRESS Logistics Carrier (ELC) to ISS.  The AMS unit is a particle physics detector which contains a large permanent magnet, and is designed to search for antimatter and investigate the origin and structure of dark matter in the universe.  The ELC carried several Orbital Replacement Units that were too large or too heavy for other spacecraft to carry to the ISS.  The mission also featured 4 space walks including the final space walk of the shuttle program. The CREST-1 flew as a secondary payload in a shuttle middeck locker.  20 student experiments and 5 professional researches filled approximately 90 experiment wells.  16 of the 20 student experiments were part of a new program called the Student Space Experiment Program (SSEP), a joint effort between ITA, NanoRacks and NCESS.  ITA’s Space Outreach program flew 4 student experiments.  The Planetary Society Shuttle-LIFE (Living Interplanetary Life Experiment) panspermia experiment which was meant to be a precursor to the Russian Fobos-Grunt mission to the Martian moon Phobos, successfully flew in the MDA.  Unfortunately, the Fobos-Grunt mission failed at lift-off and was destroyed.  Other experiments included cell biology, gene expression, protein crystal growth, microencapsulation of drugs and more.  The first squid to reach orbit did so on this mission in an LMA vial and gave his life to further scientific knowledge. A single LMA tray (4 LMA vials) containing three proprietary experiments stayed on the ISS for an extra 8 weeks to be retrieved by the STS-135 crew.
ISS Assembly Flight (ULF6)
STS-134 May 16, 2011 Liftoff
STS-134 Endeavour pierces the low cloud cover
STS-134 at ISS
ISS starboard truss with the newly installed AMS-02
STS-134 at ISS - close up
STS-134 First Squid in space
STS-134 Astronaut Chamitoff holds ITA MDA prior to activation
STS-134 Astronaut Chamitoff activates instrument
STS-134 experiment image
STS-134 at ISS from the Cupola
STS-95 Florida from space
STS-134 Historic photo captures Endeavour at ISS
STS-134 View during EVA-4
STS-134 Endeavour makes final landing
STS-134 In-flight crew portrait
STS-134 Chamitoff during first space walk
STS-134 looking down